Cellulose-Copper Oxide hybrid nanocomposites membranes for H2S gas detection at low temperatures

Waseem Hittini, Ayah F. Abu-Hani, N. Reddy, Saleh T. Mahmoud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on novel, sensitive, selective and low-temperature hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas sensors based on metal-oxide nanoparticles incorporated within polymeric matrix composites. The Copper-Oxide (CuO) nanoparticles were prepared by a colloid microwave-assisted hydrothermal method that enables precise control of nanoparticle size. The sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) powder with 5% glycerol ionic liquid (IL) was prepared and mixed with different concentrations of CuO NPs (2.5–7.5 wt.%) to produce flexible and semi-conductive polymeric matrix membranes. Each membrane was then sandwiched between a pair of electrodes to produce an H2S gas sensor. The temperature-dependent gas sensing characteristics of the prepared sensors were investigated over the temperature ranges from 40 °C to 80 °C. The sensors exhibited high sensitivity and reasonably fast responses to H2S gas at low working temperatures and at a low gas concentration of 15 ppm. Moreover, the sensors were highly selective to H2S gas, and they showed low humidity dependence, which indicates reliable functioning in humid atmospheres. This organic-inorganic hybrid-materials gas sensor is flexible, with good sensitivity and low power consumption has the potential to be used in harsh environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2940
JournalScientific reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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