Bioremediation of crude oil contaminated soils a black art or an engineering challenge?

F. Benyahia, M. Abdulkarim, A. Zekri, O. Chaalal, H. Hasanain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A bioremediation of crude oil contaminated soils study was carried out in engineered laboratory biopile systems. In soil bioremediation, biopiles are 'ex situ' treatment systems that consist of excavated and aerated contaminated soils amended by addition of biological, mineral or organic material depending upon specific needs. When bacteria are added to the contaminated soil undergoing biological treatment, the latter is referred to as a bioaugmented treatment system. Such soils are arranged above ground in a pile fashion and hence the term biopile. The study has shown virtually identical trends in respiration rates when indigenous and commercial added bacteria where employed. However, the bioaugmented experiments yielded much greater respiration rates and lead to a reduction of 75% of the initial oil in just 118 days, compared to 1 year in similar studies in the literature. The benefits of engineered biopile systems include safe operations, facilitated material balance and process controllability. The benefits of bioaugmentation were clearly demonstrated and it was found that when no nutrients are added to the soil, bacteria tend to metabolize hydrocarbons into carbon dioxide and water rather than assimilate carbon in cell growth. Polyaromatics analysis of treated soil in this investigation pointed out that simpler and more bioavailable crude oil components were degraded first. A simple sigmoid model for the carbon dioxide generation was developed from the respiration data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-370
Number of pages7
JournalProcess Safety and Environmental Protection
Volume83
Issue number4 B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005

Keywords

  • Biopile system
  • Bioremediation
  • Contaminated soil
  • Crude oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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