B cells play a cooperative role via CD40L-CD40 interaction in T cell-mediated experimental autoimmune neuritis in Lewis rats

Wei Zhu, Eilhard Mix, Tao Jin, Abdu Adem, Jie Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The expression of co-stimulatory molecules CD40 and CD40L was examined over the course of experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) induced in Lewis rats by immunization with bovine peripheral nerve myelin. In draining lymph nodes, highest level of CD40L expression was seen on day 7 post immunization (p.i.), i.e. before onset of clinical signs of EAN, while CD40 expression was increased on day 14 p.i., i.e. at peak of clinical disease. In contrast, both CD40 and CD40L expressing cells in sciatic nerves, a target organ of EAN, peaked on day 14 p.i., large numbers of both expressing cells were mainly detected on day 14-21 p.i. After co-culture with EAN rat B cells bearing CD40, P0 peptide 180-199-specific T cell line cells exhibited a rapid down-regulation of CD40L expression. Furthermore, EAN rats had enhanced P0 peptide 180-199-specific antibody responses on day 14 p.i., which might have contributed to their aggravated EAN and further demonstrated the role of antibodies in EAN. The results indicate that CD40L-CD40 interactions are involved in the initiation of the antigen-specific T cell responses associated with the generation and development of EAN, and may mediate autoantibody production in EAN. Evidently, B cells play a cooperative role via CD40L-CD40 interaction in T cell-mediated EAN of Lewis rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)642-648
Number of pages7
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007

Keywords

  • Antibody
  • B cell
  • CD40/CD40L
  • Co-stimulatory molecules
  • Experimental autoimmune neuritis
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • Immune response
  • Inflammation
  • T cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

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