Associations between patient factors and medication adherence: A Jordanian experience

Iman A. Basheti, Sami Saqf El Hait, Eyad A. Qunaibi, Salah Aburuz, Nailya Bulatova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To explore the effect of patient characteristics and health beliefs on their medication adherence. Methods: Patients (n=167) with chronic conditions (mean age 58.9; SD=13.54, 53% males) were recruited from March 2009- to March 2010 using a cross sectional study design. Data collected included patients’ demographics, medical conditions, medications therapeutic regimen, frequency of physician visits and health beliefs. Patient self-reported adherence to medications was assessed by the researcher using a validated and published scale. Treatment related problems (TRPs) were evaluated for each patient by competent clinical pharmacists. Associations between patient characteristics/health beliefs with adherence were explored. Results: About half of the patients (46.1%) were nonadherent. A significant association was found between lower adherence and higher number of disease states (p<0.001), higher number of medications (p=0.001), and higher number of identified TRPs (p = 0.003). Patient adherence was positively affected by older age, higher educational level, and higher number of physician visits per month, while it was negatively affected by reporting difficulties with getting prescription refills on time. Conclusion: This study identified different factors that may negatively affect adherence, including higher number of medications and disease states, higher number of identified TRPs and inability to getting prescription refills on time. Hence, more care needs to be provided to patients with complex therapeutic regimens in order to enhance adherence.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPharmacy Practice
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Epidemiologic factors
  • Health knowledge
  • Jordan
  • Medication adherence
  • Practice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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