An overview on the photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes in the presence of TiO2 doped with selective transition metals

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545 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article presents an overview on the degradation of azo dyes using transition metal doped TiO2 as photocatalysts in aqueous solutions. Such dopants reduce the recombination of e-cb and h+vb and decrease the band gap or create intra-band gap states, which result in more light absorption. Moreover, the addition of these dopants can alter the surface properties of TiO2 catalyst such as surface acidity and surface area. Therefore, the photocatalysis on modified TiO2 can be promoted using visible light. An important role in this process is played by molecular oxygen and other active species such as O2-, HO2, H2O2 and OH which are generated in a sequence of reactions. Besides this, the degradation of dyes depends on several other parameters such as pH, catalyst concentration, substrate concentration and the nature of the doping substances. Depending on the structure of the azo dye, the major identified intermediates are hydroxylated derivatives, aromatic amines, naphthoquinone, phenolic compounds and several organic acids. This review also presents the literature findings on the available pathways and mechanisms of degradation of some azo dyes in the presence of metal doped TiO2 catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-27
Number of pages15
JournalDesalination
Volume276
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2 2011

Keywords

  • Azo dyes
  • Doping
  • Free radicals
  • Heterogeneous catalysis
  • Intermediates
  • Photocatalysis
  • TiO
  • Transition metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

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