Ab-initio investigation of adsorption of CO and CO 2 molecules on graphene: Role of intrinsic defects on gas sensing

Nacir Tit, Khadija Said, Nadin M. Mahmoud, Summayya Kouser, Zain H. Yamani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We determine the chemical activity of (a) carbon site of pristine graphene (pG), (b) Stone-Wales (SW) defect site, and (c) Single-vacancy of graphene (vG) site towards the adsorption of CO and CO 2 molecules, through comparative analysis based on first-principles density-functional calculations incorporating van der Waals (vdW) interactions, but excluding the heat effects (i.e., at T = 0 °K). The results show that the chemisorption of both latter molecules to possibly occur only on vG. The response (sensitivity) of vG towards detecting CO molecule was confirmed by the rise of conductance with the increasing CO gas dose. The selectivity was investigated by testing the response of vG towards detecting eight different gases (i.e., CO, CO 2 , N 2 , O 2 , H 2 O, H 2 S, H 2 , and NH 3 ). Three gases are found to exhibit physisorption (namely: N 2 , H 2 O, and H 2 S) and the other five gases alter chemisorption (namely: CO, CO 2 , O 2 , H 2 , and NH 3 ). The chemisorption of CO molecule is distinct by being direct and not involving dissociation. This fact made defected graphene have the highest sensitivity and selectivity towards the detection of CO molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-230
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume394
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • Ab-initio calculations
  • Adsorption kinetics
  • Carbon systems
  • Gas sensing
  • Graphene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ab-initio investigation of adsorption of CO and CO 2 molecules on graphene: Role of intrinsic defects on gas sensing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this