A review on the electrodeposition of CIGS thin-film solar cells

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Solar energy is one of the renewable energies being researched extensively owing to the scarcity of fossil fuels, besides the global concern on climate change. Consequently, intensive research activities have been conducting on solar cell material technology. Chalcopyrites (i.e., CIS, CISe, CIGS and CZTS) are suitable candidates for future improvement of solar cell technology as they provide a low-cost alternative to Si thin-film solar cells. Amongst the chalcopyrite family, copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) is considered to be a leading thin-film solar cell material. In this paper, a review of the electrodeposition process as a fabricating method for CIGS thin-film solar cells has been presented. The potential challenges encountered while depositing the absorber layers, and the effects of adding complexing agents to overcome such encountered challenges have been discussed. Moreover, past and record efficiencies, in addition to state-of-the-art research in the areas of finding alternative possibilities to overcome the issues with the selenization step as well as suitable solutions to deal with the issues associated with gallium incorporation have been reviewed. Future probable solutions have also been provided to these challenges. In short, this review brings together all the aspects related to CIGS solar cells to enrich the field and support the interested industry and researchers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-186
Number of pages29
JournalProceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management
Issue numberNovember
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event1st GCC International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, IEOM 2019 - riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Duration: Nov 26 2019Nov 28 2019

Keywords

  • CIGS thin-film solar cells
  • Complexing agents
  • Electrodeposition
  • Gallium accumulation
  • Photovoltaics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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