A postharvest dip treatment with lysophosphatidylethanolamine, a natural phospholipid, may retard senescence and improve the shelf life of banana fruit

Zienab F.R. Ahmed, Jiwan P. Palta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Banana is one of the most consumed tropical fruits around the world. It is marketed nearly all year-around and has a relatively short shelf life. Fruits are harvested mature green and treated with ethylene to stimulate ripening before distribution and sale. The fruits generally ripen within 4–5 days after ethylene treatment and sold primarily at yellow stage of ripening. After turning yellow the fruit becomes unsuitable for marketing in 1–3 days. Thus 1–2 days of improvement in the fruit shelf life could enhance the market value of banana. Previous studies conducted in our laboratory have demonstrated that both pre- and postharvest application of lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LPE) can retard aging and improve shelf life of various fruits. The objective of this study was to investigate the possibility of improving shelf life of banana fruit by a postharvest dip in LPE. For this purpose, whole fruits obtained from the market at ripeness stage of 2.5 (about 75% green) were dipped in solution of 500 ppm LPE for 30 minutes and observed for a period of five days at room temperature. Each treatment was applied to 50 uniform fruits. From each hand bought, an equal number of fruits were separated for LPE and control treatments to reduce the variability. Five days after dip treatment, the fruit treated with LPE were firmer and thicker as compared with the control. Starch breakdown was also delayed in the LPE-treated fruits. LPE treatment slowed the development of brown spots on the peel tissue. Both peel and pulp tissue of LPE-treated fruits had lower ion leakage compared with the control. Fruit peel slices treated with LPE for 3 hours also showed a decrease in ion leakage and respiration rate at 24 hours after treatment. Results of the present study indicate that a postharvest dip treatment with LPE may improve shelf life of banana fruit by 1–2 days. These results suggest that LPE may improve shelf life by maintaining membrane integrity, reducing respiration, and slowing the breakdown of starch and cell walls during ripening and senescence of banana fruit tissue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1035-1040
Number of pages6
JournalHortScience
Volume50
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Banana
  • Fruit firmness
  • Fruit respiration
  • Fruit ripening
  • LPE
  • Lysophosphatidylethanolamine
  • Membrane leakage
  • Senescence
  • Shelf life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

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