A novel design of PI current controller for PMSG-based wind turbine considering transient performance specifications and control saturation

Rachid Errouissi, Ahmed Al-Durra, Mahdi Debouza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a novel design process of decoupled PI current controller for permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG)-based wind turbines feeding a grid-tied inverter through a back-to-back converter. Specifically, the design methodology consists of combining disturbance observer-based control (DOBC) with feedback linearization (FBL) technique to ensure nominal transient performance recovery under model uncertainty. By simplifying the DOBC under the feedback linearizing control, it is shown that the composite controller reduces to a decoupled PI current controller plus an additional term that has the main role of recovering the nominal transient performance of the FBL, especially under step changes in the reference. Additionally, an antiwindup compensator arises naturally into the controller when considering the control input saturation to design the DOBC. This permits removal of the effect of the saturation blocks required to limit the control input. The proposed control scheme is implemented and validated through experimentation conducted on 22-pole, 5 kW PMSG. The results revealed that the proposed technique can successfully achieve nominal performance recovery under model uncertainty as well as improved transient performances under control saturation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8624-8634
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Volume65
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antiwindup scheme
  • PI controller
  • disturbance observer
  • nominal performance recovery
  • permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG)
  • renewable energy
  • wind energy conversion system (WECS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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