A cluster of four cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis by Leishmania donovani in Cyprus: A case series

Maria G. Koliou, Yiannakis Antoniou, Maria Antoniou, Vasiliki Christodoulou, Apostolos Mazeris, Elpidoforos S. Soteriades

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Leishmaniasis is endemic in more than 95 countries and is the only tropical/subtropical vector-borne disease that has been endemic in Southern Europe for decades. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of cutaneous leishmaniasis by Leishmania donovani in a child and the first cluster with adult cases reported in Europe. Case presentation: We describe a familial cluster of four cutaneous leishmaniasis cases among Greek Cypriots caused by L. donovani in a Paphos village, in Cyprus. A 6-year-old boy (Case number 1) had a persistent lesion in the left angle of his upper lip, a 60-year-old woman (Case number 2) presented with a 2cm-diameter glabella lesion on her forehead, a 60-year-old man (Case number 3) developed a lesion on his moustache area and a 40-year-old woman (Case number 4) had a lesion on her neck In Case number 3 the lesion was self-cured; the other cases recovered after surgical resection followed by liposomal amphotericin B (Case numbers 1 and 4) or thermotherapy and liposomal amphotericin B (Case number 2). Conclusions: This familial cluster of cutaneous leishmaniasis, due to the anthroponotic L. donovani, shows that the sand fly species responsible for transmitting this parasite species is found in the area around the three neighbouring houses involved. The factors favourable for the survival, spread and contact of the vector with people could be assessed in this area for the establishment of preventative measures to safeguard public health.

Original languageEnglish
Article number354
JournalJournal of Medical Case Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cluster
  • Cutaneous leishmaniasis
  • Cyprus
  • Leishmania donovani

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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